Other Useful Filmmaking Information
Step One: Get an idea
To get inspired you can check out some examples of existing PSAs from last year’s statewide Directing Change Student Video Contest (high school only). Be aware that although the contests are similar, the content or criteria may not be applicable to the “Directing Change at City College Student Video Contest”. To view films from the other contest visit: http://www.directingchange.org/directing-change-regional-winners/
· “Hey, I’m Allen”: http://www.directingchange.org/hey-im-allan/
· “The Messages”: http://www.directingchange.org/the-messages/
· “Circling Stigma”: http://www.directingchange.org/spencer-wilson-2013/
· “More than a Mental Illness”: http://www.directingchange.org/more-than-a-mental-illness/
Step Two: Script and Storyboard
Once you have your idea you will need to write a script and storyboard for your video. The script gives you a roadmap to your production and all the content that you will cover. In addition to a script, the storyboard allows you to visually plan your video on paper.
· Storyboard sample
· Storyboard template
Step Three: Permissions and Releases
Before filming your video, be sure you have all appropriate forms and releases signed. For more information and useful links, visit the “Forms and Copyright” section.
- Release Form: Every student on the submitting team has to sign a release form
- Image and Voice Release Form: In addition all individuals who appear (visually or voice) need to sign the Image and Voice Release Form.
- Location Contract: The location contract protects both the property owner and the video production team. Getting permission is also a courtesy that can prevent you from being ejected from a location.
· Copyrights: When creating a video students should be aware of intellectual property and copyright rules especially if they plan on using elements that someone else has created. See the “Forms and Copyright” section for more information
Step Four: Shooting your Video
Before you start filming you will want to plan each of the shots. If possible, you may want to use two cameras to provide different angles for the same scene when editing. Take time to look at the area you in which you will be filming, paying attention to the background. Also, it is very important to make sure you keep your video tapes or video files in a safe place so it doesn’t get lost. The following sections offer links to the various aspects of video production.
Shots and Framing
· This link contains information about the basics of “shot types” and offers insight to consider when filming.
Rules of Thirds
· This article explains “the rule of thirds”, an important principle in photography.
Lighting Tutorials – Media College
· This site offers various information sheets about lighting in film production.
Audio for Video-Lecture
· This video features a lecture by a high school teacher focusing on many aspects of integrating sound into your video. (36 min)
How To Use Microphones
· This tutorial offers information about the use of microphones.
Songs and Sound Effects Resources
Unfortunately you can’t just go to iTunes and download your favorite song. The following resources offer free music and sound effects you can use in your video!. Although some sites offer “free” music, note that you may still have to request licensing for permission to use it in your film. You can also create all the music and sounds yourself, or obtain written permission from the copyright holder for copyrighted songs and materials you would like to use in your video. For more information about how to obtain permission, visit the section.
· Offers free ‘film music’, and is intended for independent and non-profit filmmakers, film students, and anyone in need of free music for their independent, non-profit film, video, or short.
· A community music site featuring remixes licensed under Creative Commons where you can listen to, sample, mash-up, or interact with music in whatever way you want
· A collaborative database of audio snippets, samples, and recordings released under Creative Commons licenses that allow their reuse.
Step 5: Editing your Video
Editing is important to the film making process. You may spend more time editing than filming. These links will help guide you in editing your video. There are various programs for editing that you may have on your computer at home, or ones that may be available through your school, or local library. Tutorials specific to the program you use should also be available online. Remember, entries are limited to 60 seconds in length.
Video Editing Tutorials-Media College
· This site offers tutorials on various aspects of editing.
Top 10 Rules for Video Editing
· This article offers tips to consider when editing your film.
Step 6: Compressing and Submitting Your Video
Entries are limited to 60 seconds in length. YouTube is our video services partner and all technical specifications need to be in line with their requirements: YouTube accepts the following file types: MOV, MPEG4, AVI, WMV, MPEGPS, FLV, 3GPP AND WebM. Although not required, we recommend that you compress your video before uploading the file.
Many video editing programs (such as Premiere Pro or Final Cut Pro) and encoding software (such as Compressor or Adobe Media Encoder) may include a preset for encoding H.264 files that match the YouTube format requirements. If yours does, we recommend using that preset when encoding your finished video. For more information on exporting your video to meet these requirements, please click on this link and view YouTube’s audio/Video settings –https://support.google.com/youtube/settings
Remember each film must be uploaded as an “unlisted” video to YouTube.
Privacy settings: https://support.google.com/youtube/privacy
Additional sites that may be useful:
Academy of Motion Pictures-Teachers Guide
The Director in the Classroom
Thank you for your interest in the Directing Change at City College Student Video Contest.
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